The Dec. 11 slayings of students Jorge Alexis Herrera and Gabriel Echeverria de Jesus in Guerrero revived scenes from the Dirty War of the 1960s and 1970s, and added names to a modern-day list of dead, disappeared, tortured and wounded activists across Mexico.
A Background Paper by Andrea Medina Rosas and Laura Carlsen
Mexico is facing a major human rights and humanitarian crisis–50,000 murdered in the war on drugs, thousands displaced, orphaned or disappeared. This crisis has revealed a deeper and more ingrained institutional crisis. The gendered aspects of the crisis remain invisible. Women human rights defenders have become targets, and gender-based violence has risen precipitously under cover of a society engulfed in violence and lacking basic institutional capacity—or political will– to deal with it.
The assassinations of Nepomuceno Moreno, member of the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity whose son was disappeared, and Trinidad de la Cruz of the Nahua community of Ostula, and the shooting of Norma Adrade, the founder of Bring our Daughters Home in Ciudad Juarez, mark a new stage of attacks on human rights defenders in Mexico.
There’s a global consensus on what has to be done to stop global warming–cut back immediately on emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. But at the Durban COP 17, once again, the U.S. and other developed countries refuse to agree to an international framework for saving the planet.
The recent meeting of UNASUR Defense ministers and the Brazilian parliamentary debate on defense reveal that the region has made the decision to defend itself in the face of the intensifying global climate of war.